Yarrow

Scientific Name: Achillea millefolium

Light: Full sun

Zone:  3 to 9

Height:  2 to 3 feet

Width:  2 to 3 feet

Flowers:  June to September, showy flower, white on species, cultivated varieties with white, yellow, gold, pink, or red flowers

Fruit/Seed:

Fall Color:

Butterflies:  Attracts many butterflies

Birds:

Hummingbird:

Deer Resistant: Yes

Insects/Pollinators:  Yarrow attracts bees and other pollinators.

Native:  Carroll and throughout Maryland.  Achillea borealis on Maryland Biodiversity Project?

Idea Garden:

Propagation:  Sow at 68ºF, do not cover seed or cover thinly with vermiculite to maintain moisture; yarrow needs light to germinate.  Yarrow will germinates in less than two weeks then grow on at 50ºF.

Description

The flat-headed blooms of this plant are perfect for butterflies to land on to enjoy the sweet nectar.  It is a prolific seeder and can spread by creeping roots. The clumps can also be divided and replanted to maintain more control of the planting arrangements. Yarrow will grow in most conditions and has been known to help gardens by adding calcium, silica, and phosphorus to the soil.

Yarrow can be used as a flowering ground cover or lawn for sunny out-of-the-way areas (mow as needed with rotary mower on high setting).

Cultivars/Varieties

Flowerburst Red Shades – F2 Hybrid, 30″; Mainly red shades ranging to violet. Very bright look.  Excellent for containers, borders and cutting.

 

Flowerburst Lilac Shades  – F2 Hybrid, 30″; Mainly lilac shades ranging to pink and rose. Very warm look.  Excellent for containers, borders and cutting.

Colorado – 24″; Diverse mixture of shades in red, pink, apricot, yellow, cream, beige and pure white.

Cerise Queen – 24″; First year flowering. Intense rose-pink, 2-4″ flowers on flat heads. For cut and dry arrangements.

Cassis – 24″; First year flowering. Bears bunches of intense, cherry-red umbels perfect for cutting.

Summer Berries – F2 Hybrid, 30″; First year flowering. Bright color range including red, cerise and bright pink as well as the complete range of pastels and yellows.

 

Summer Pastels Mix  – F2 Hybrid, 30″; All American Selection. Mixture of lavender, purple, white, apricot, cream, rose and pink.

Sources

Common Yarrow – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Yarrow – Missouri Botanical Garden

White Pine – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance – Rutgers

Recommended for Wildlife by

Garden with Wings

Butterflies of Maryland:  A Biological Summary and Checklist – Maryland DNR

Photos

Clarence A. Rechenthin, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Light

Sun

Soil

Dry, Moist

Flower Color

Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow

Flower Season

Fall, Summer

Native

Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Beneficial Insects, Deer Resistant, Nectar

Notable Features

Cut Flowers, Fragrant, Salt Tolerant

Local Availability

Available, Widely Available

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