White Pine

Scientific Name:  Pinus strobus

Light:  Sun

Zone: 3 to 9

Height:  75 to 100 feet

Width:  50 to 75 feet

Flowers:  May to July, red to purplish

Fruit/Seed:  August to October, green to light brown cone

Fall Color:  evergreen


Birds:   16 species of songbirds have been known to eat the seed


Deer Resistant:  Seldom severely damaged by deer


Native: Carroll, Mountain and piedmont of Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,


White Pine has high wildlife value with gray and red squirrels, deer and mice eating the seed.  It can be used as a specimen, windbreak or pruned as a hedge.


‘Aurea’ very similar to ‘Hillside Winter Gold’, though the needles are yellow-green even in summer, with deeper coloring in winter.

‘Compacta’ and ‘Nana’ – catch-all names for a wide assortment of selections with dwarf, mounded and compact habits.

‘Blue Shag’ –  rounded compact plant with bluish-green needles.

‘Contorta’ – The main trunk and lateral branches of this plant twist and turn, though the plant forms an upright pyramidal small tree.

‘Fastigiata’ – This narrow columnar form reaches 50′ to 70′ tall with a much narrower spread (typically 3 times as tall than wide). The blue-green needles are long and soft in texture.

‘Glauca’ – catch-all term for many forms that bear bluish-green needles.

‘Hillside Winter Gold’ –  full-sized tree, featuring light green summer needles that turn a striking golden yellow in fall and winter.

‘Pendula’ –  Large, pendulous tree exhibits extreme variation in habit and form. The branches twist and droop, exposing the gray bark and displaying the long, blue-green needles very effectively. It can be trained from an early age to achieve a desired effect.

‘Sea Urchin’ – dwarf globular form,  blue-green needles and is slow-growing.

‘UConn’ –  “intermediate” form. In time,  becomes a dense, rounded pyramidal tree to 20′ tall, needles are  blue-green.


Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

White Pine – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

White Pine – Missouri Botanical Garden

White Pine – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance – Rutgers

Recommended for Wildlife by

Gardening for the Birds by George Adams

Songbirds – FS613

Twelve Ways to Design a Bird Friendly Garden – Brooklyn Botanical Garden

Landscaping to Attract Birds – Baltimore Bird Club

For the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds:  Creating Inviting Habitats – Virginia Extension

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy

Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge

Photo Credits

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Robert H. Mohlenbrock, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester.


Additional information


Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8




Dry, Loam, Moist

Flower Color

Purple, Red

Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Fruit Season

Fall, Summer


Carroll, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Deer Resistant, Food for Birds, Nest Sites, Summer Cover, Winter Cover

Notable Features

Erosion Control, Evergreen, Hedge

Local Availability

Available, Widely Available


There are no reviews yet.

Be the first to review “White Pine”

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *