White Pine has high wildlife value with gray and red squirrels, deer and mice eating the seed. It can be used as a specimen, windbreak or pruned as a hedge.
‘Aurea’ very similar to ‘Hillside Winter Gold’, though the needles are yellow-green even in summer, with deeper coloring in winter.
‘Compacta’ and ‘Nana’ – catch-all names for a wide assortment of selections with dwarf, mounded and compact habits.
‘Blue Shag’ – rounded compact plant with bluish-green needles.
‘Contorta’ – The main trunk and lateral branches of this plant twist and turn, though the plant forms an upright pyramidal small tree.
‘Fastigiata’ – This narrow columnar form reaches 50′ to 70′ tall with a much narrower spread (typically 3 times as tall than wide). The blue-green needles are long and soft in texture.
‘Glauca’ – catch-all term for many forms that bear bluish-green needles.
‘Hillside Winter Gold’ – full-sized tree, featuring light green summer needles that turn a striking golden yellow in fall and winter.
‘Pendula’ – Large, pendulous tree exhibits extreme variation in habit and form. The branches twist and droop, exposing the gray bark and displaying the long, blue-green needles very effectively. It can be trained from an early age to achieve a desired effect.
‘Sea Urchin’ – dwarf globular form, blue-green needles and is slow-growing.
‘UConn’ – “intermediate” form. In time, becomes a dense, rounded pyramidal tree to 20′ tall, needles are blue-green.
White Pine – USDA Plant Fact Sheet
White Pine – Missouri Botanical Garden
White Pine – University of Connecticut Plant Database
Recommended for Wildlife by
Gardening for the Birds by George Adams
Songbirds – FS613
Twelve Ways to Design a Bird Friendly Garden – Brooklyn Botanical Garden
Landscaping to Attract Birds – Baltimore Bird Club
For the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds: Creating Inviting Habitats – Virginia Extension
Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy
Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge
Robert H. Mohlenbrock, hosted by the USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester.