Virginia Pine

Scientific Name: Pinus virginiana

Light: Sun

Zone: 5 to 8

Height:  50 to 80 feet

Width:  Spread slightly smaller than height


Fruit/Seed:  cone, matures after 2 years

Fall Color:  evergreen, needles turn yellow-green in winter

Butterflies: Host for Eastern Pine Elfin

Birds:  many birds feed on seeds


Deer Resistant:  Yes


Native: Carroll and throughout Maryland

Idea Garden:  None in idea gardens but you can see them in front of Westminster Highschool along route 32

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Virginia pine, also called scrub pine,  has high wildlife value.  It’s outstretched limbs spring irregularly from the reddish-brown trunk. Cones are sharp to the touch due to prickly-like appendages. Needles are 1 to 3 inches long in bundles of two.  It is hardier than most pines and suitable for planting in poor dry sites.

No serious insect or disease problems.


‘Wate’s Golden’ – only commonly available cultivar, yellow-foliaged. The yellow is brilliant in winter, muting to green in summer


Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Virginia Pine – Missouri Botanical Garden

Virginia Pine – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Virginia Pine – Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Recommended for Wildlife by

Gardening for the Birds by George Adams

The Audubon Backyard Bird Watcher by Burton & Kress

HG120 Native Plants of Maryland

Songbirds – FS613

Landscaping to Attract Birds – Baltimore Bird Club

For the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds: Creating Inviting Habitats – Virginia Extension Master Gardeners

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy


Photo Credits

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

By Famartin – Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0,,&pagetype=plantdetails

Additional information


Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8




Clay, Dry, Loam, Moist

Fruit Season

Fall, Winter


Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Butterfly Host, Deer Resistant, Food for Birds, Nest Sites, Summer Cover, Winter Cover

Notable Features

Evergreen, Winter Interest

Local Availability

Not Available


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