Virginia Creeper

Scientific Name:  Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Light:  Sun to shade

Zone:  3 to 9

Height: 30 to 50 feet

Width:  25 to 35 feet

Flowers:  June to August, greenish-white, insignificant

Fruit/Seed:  September to February, bluish black berry

Fall Color:  showy, purple to crimson


Birds:  Virginia creeper provides cover for many small birds and songbirds are the principle consumers of the fruit


Deer Resistant:   Deer will also feed on the berries. Deer will sometimes browse on the foliage.


Native:  Carroll and all of Maryland.

Idea Garden:

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Virginia creeper has high wildlife value providing cover for many small mammals in addition to many benefits for birds. Small mammals will also feed on the fruit.

Virginia Creeper can be used as a climber that does not need support or as a ground cover.


‘Monham’ (Star Showers®) (probably the same as ‘Variegata’) –  only common cultivar, variegated, leaves wildly splashed with sectors of white, cream and green. The foliage can have a pinkish cast, as well, not as vigorous as species.


Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Virginia Creeper – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Virginia Creeper – Missouri Botanical Garden

Virginia Creeper – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Recommended for Wildlife by

The Audubon Backyard Bird Watcher by Burton & Kress

Songbirds – FS613

Twelve Ways to Design a Bird-friendly Garden – Brooklyn Botanical Gardens

10 Plants for a Bird Friendly Yard – National Audubon

Landscaping to Attract Birds – Baltimore Bird Club

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy


Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Additional information


Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8


Part Sun, Shade, Sun


Clay, Dry, Loam, Moist, Wet

Flower Color


Flower Season


Fruit Season

Fall, Winter


Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Food for Birds, Summer Cover

Notable Features

Erosion Control, Salt Tolerant

Local Availability



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