Sweetgum

Scientific Name:  Liquidambar styraciflua

Light:  Sun to Part Sun

Zone:  5 to 9

Height:  60 to 100 feet

Width:  50 to 75 feet

Flowers:  April to May, yellow-green, insignificant

Fruit/Seed:  July to January, brown capsule, showy

Fall Color:  yellow, red

Butterflies:

Birds:  Seeds are eaten by birds.

Hummingbird:

Deer Resistant:  No, Occasionally Severely Damaged

Insects/Pollinators:

Native:  Carroll and throughout Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,

Description

Sweetgum is an excellent shade or lawn or tree. It need a large area with room to grow. Fruit can cause litter problems.

Its seeds are eaten by squirrels, and chipmunks.

Cultivars/Varieties

‘Grazam’ (Grandmaster™) –  50′ tall, shades of red-purple and orange in fall.

‘Gumball’ and ‘Oconee’ – dwarf, multi-stemmed, 15′ tall, good fall color, ‘Oconee’ better cold-hardiness.

‘Hapdell’ – Rarely sets fruit, maroon fall color

Moraine‘ – more hardy than other forms,  good red fall color.

Rotundiloba‘ – fruits rarely, only cold hardy to -10

‘Slender Silhouette’ – fastigiate, columnar habit.

Variegata‘, ‘Aurea’ and ‘Goduzam’ (Gold Dust™))- variegated,  60′ tall, leaves mottled with cream areas that intensify as the season progresses, good cold-hardiness.

‘Silver King’ and ‘Golden Treasure’, variagted with margined leaves.

Sources

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Sweetgum – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Sweetgum – Missouri Botanical Garden

Sweetgum – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance – Rutgers

 

Recommended for Wildlife by

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

The Audubon Backyard Bird Watcher by Burton & Kress

HG120 Native Plants of Maryland

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy

Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Light

Part Sun, Sun

Soil

Dry, Loam, Moist, Wet

Flower Season

Spring

Fruit Season

Fall, Summer, Winter

Native

Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Food for Birds

Notable Features

Erosion Control

Local Availability

Available, Widely Available

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