Smooth Alder

Scientific Name:  Alnus serrulate

Light:  Sun

Zone:  4-9

Height:  12-20’

Width:  8-15’

Soil:  Moist to Wet

Soil:  Clay or Loam

Flowers:  March – April; purple

Fruit/Seed:  August – February; brown cone

Fall Color:   yellow, red

Butterflies:

Birds:  Food August – February

Hummingbird:

Deer Resistant:

Insects/Pollinators:

Native:  Carroll, Piedmont, Mountains, Coast

Idea Garden:

Categories: , Tag:

Description

Smooth Alder, also known as Hazel Alder, is a thicket forming, nitrogen fixing shrub that does best in wet areas.  It grows naturally in marshes, shrub swamps and forested wetlands where it can tolerate flooding to 3 inches.  In the landscape, smooth alder can be used in rain gardens, pond margins or along streams.   It has high wildlife value for song birds, ducks, reptiles & amphibians.

Resources:

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

USDA Plant Fact Sheet – Smooth Alder

Smooth Adler – Missouri Botanical Garden

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Light

Sun

Soil

Clay, Loam, Moist, Wet

Flower Color

Purple

Flower Season

Spring

Fruit Season

Fall, Winter

Native

Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Food for Birds

Notable Features

Erosion Control

Local Availability

Available

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