Red Spruce

Scientific Name:  Picea rubens

Light: Sun

Zone: 2 to 5

Height:  60 to 70 feet

Width:

Flowers:

Fruit/Seed:  1.2-2 in. green to purple cones; mature to reddish brown

Fall Color:  evergreen

Butterflies:

Birds:  eat the seeds

Hummingbird:

Deer Resistant:

Insects/Pollinators:

Native: Only to Garret County in far Western Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,

Description

Red Spruce is only successful in the colder parts of zone 5.  It does not tolerate heat or pollution well.

If you are in a cooler region of the county, red spruce provides food and cover for many mammals and birds. Red squirrels eat buds and seeds, rabbits browse twigs and foliage and porcupines feed upon the bark.

Sources

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Red Spruce – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Red Spruce – North Carolina State Extension

 

Recommended for Wildlife by

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

HG120 Native Plants of Maryland

Songbirds – FS613

Twelve Ways to Design a Bird-friendly Garden – Brooklyn Botanical Garden

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy

Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5

Light

Sun

Soil

Moist

Fruit Season

Fall

Native

Mountain

Wildlife Value

Food for Birds, Summer Cover, Winter Cover

Notable Features

Evergreen

Local Availability

Not Available

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