Pinxter Flower

Also known as pinxterbloom or  pink azalea

Scientific Name:  Rhododendron periclymenoides (formerly R. nudiflorum)

Light: Full sun to full shade; afternoon shade recommended in Carroll

Zone:  4 to 9

Height:  3 to 10 feet

Width:  4 to 7 feet

Flowers:  April to May, pink, purple or white , showy

Fruit/Seed:  August to March, brown capsule

Fall Color:  dull yellow

Butterflies:  Butterflies are attracted to blooms

Birds:  Pink azalea seed are probably dispersed by small birds.

Hummingbird: Hummingbirds are attracted to blooms

Deer Resistant:  No, this plant is frequently damaged by deer.

Insects/Pollinators: Members of the genus Rhododendron support the specialized bee Andrena (Andrena) cornelli.  The plant also supports many caterpillars.

Native:  Carroll and throughout Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,

Description

The only native azalea common in Carroll County, the pinxter is threatened by deer, who devour the young plants.  It provides cover for a variety of birds and mammals.  

Pinxter prefers a sun dappled or high open shade.  It has a shallow root system which benefits from a mulch to retain moisture and stabilize soil temperatures. 

Pinxter azalea  propagates by layering, sprouting from the root crown, or by sending out horizontal stems that root at the nodes.

Rhododendrons are susceptible to insect and disease problems.  Full sun can scorch the leaves and the roots rot if the soil is not well drained.  But a healthy plant in the right place with proper maintenance should have few problems.

Cultivars/Varieties

Darker pink or near white selections exist but have not been named as cultivars.

Sources

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Pink Azalea – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Pinxterbloom Azalea – Missouri Botanical Garden

Pinxterbloom Azalea – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance – Rutgers

Pink Azalea – USDA Forest Service

Pinxter Flower – North Carolina State Extension

Pinxter Flower – Maryland Native Plant Society

Recommended for Wildlife by

Gardening for the Birds by George Adams

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

HG120 Native Plants of Maryland

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy

Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge

Photos

University of Connecticut Plant Database, http://hort.uconn.edu/plants, Mark H. Brand, Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture, Storrs, CT 06269-4067 USA.

Anita Gould, CC BY-NC – 4.0

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Light

Part Sun, Shade, Sun

Soil

Dry, Loam, Moist, Wet

Flower Color

Pink, Purple, White

Flower Season

Spring

Fruit Season

Fall, Spring, Summer, Winter

Native

Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Beneficial Insects, Food for Birds, Hummingbird, Nectar, Summer Cover

Notable Features

Erosion Control, Fragrant, Rabbit Resistant

Local Availability

Not Available

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