The fragrant bayberry fruit was a source of wax for early settlers and is still used in candle making. The aromatic fruit laden branches are used for decoration in fall and winter.
Bayberry is a versatile shrub that can be naturalized in woodland or rain gardens, informal hedges, screens or shrub or wildlifeborders. It’s salt tolerance allows it to be planted near roads. About 20% of plants should be male to achieve good fruit set on female plants. Bayberry cannot compete with other vegetation. One or two year old nursery grown bare-root or containerized seedling stock should be used. Mulching around newly established seedlings aids in moisture retention and weed control. Plant one or two rows for borders and hedges, at two to four foot spacings.
‘Myda’, fruiting female clone
‘Myriman’ male pollinator.
‘Morton’ (Silver Sprite‘) – female fruiting clone forms a dense, broad-oval mound with gray-green leaves. It grows to 5’ tall and wider.
Northern Bayberry – USDA Plant Fact Sheet
Northern Bayberry – Missouri Botanical Garden
Northern Bayberry – University of Connecticut Plant Database
Recommended for Wildlife by
Songbirds – FS613
Twelve Ways to Design a Bird Friendly Garden – Brooklyn Botanical Garden
Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy
Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge
USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database