Meadow Sage

AKA Woodland Sage, Violet Sage, Salvia

Scientific Name: Salvia superba (nemorosa)

Light: Full Sun

Zone: 4 to 8

Height:  18′ to 36″

Width:  18″ to 24″

Flowers:  June to September; Lavender to violet blue


Fall Color:

Butterflies: Flowers are attractive to butterflies.


Hummingbird: attracts

Deer Resistant:  Yes

Insects/Pollinators:  Flowers are attractive to bees.

Native:  native to Europe and west-central Asia

Idea Garden:

Propagation:  Sow at 68ºF, germination slow.  Cover the seed lightly with vermiculite.  It will take 4-6 weeks for the plug to reach transplant size.


Salvia are easy-to-grow perenniasl for intense summer color that love heat.  Remove spent flower spikes to extend the bloom period. Plants may become somewhat floppy and open up as the summer progresses, particularly in humid climates. If plants flop or otherwise depreciate in summer to the point where they look unsightly, cut them back to the basal foliage.

Cultivars / Varieties

Adora Blue – 8” containers, 14” garden; First year flowering. Intense deep violet-blue perennial, more compact and densely branched with multiple flowers spikes from early stage.

Blue Queen – 16”; First year flowering. Dwarf, deep violet-blue spikes.

Merleau Series – 14”; First year flowering. No vernalization needed. Deep-blue flowers bloom early above deep green leaves. Blooms June-September.  Blue (Fleuroselect Medal ), Rose, & White.

Merleau Compact Blue  – Fleuroselect Medal.  10-12”; First year flowering. No vernalization needed. Deep-blue flowers bloom early above deep-green leaves. Outstanding pot performance.

New Dimension Series – 8-10”; First year flowering. Early perennial, strongly branching.  Rose is intense & Blue is deepest blue from seed.

Rose Queen –  2 ft; Rose spikes. First year flowering.

Rosenwein – 2 ft; Pink spikes.

Violet – 2 ft; May night type, tall violet-blue spikes.


Salvia nemorosa – Missouri Botanical Garden

Specialty Cut Flowers by Armitage & Laushman

Recommended for Wildlife by

Creating a Wild Backyard – Hummingbirds, Butterflies & Bees – Maryland DNR

Some Favorite Nectar Plants – Washington Area Butterfly Club

Butterfly Gardening in the DC Area – Washington Butterfly Club

Bees, Bugs & Blooms – A pollinator trial – Penn State

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

 For the Birds, Butterflies & Hummingbirds: Creating Inviting Habitats – Virginia Extension

 Top Nectar Plants, Piedmont (Central Maryland) by North American Butterfly Association

Bring Home The Butterflies Vol. I: How to Attract More Monarchs to your Butterfly Garden…and Keep Them There! by Tony Gomez

Butterflies of Maryland:  A biological summary and checklist by Maryland DNR

Additional information


Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8



Flower Color

Blue, Purple

Flower Season

Fall, Summer

Wildlife Value

Beneficial Insects, Deer Resistant, Hummingbird, Nectar

Notable Features

Containers, Cut Flowers, Erosion Control, Rabbit Resistant

Local Availability

Available, Widely Available


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