Hawthorn, Cockspur

Scientific Name:  Crataegus crus-galli

Light: Sun to part shade

Zone:  3 to 7

Height:  20 to 35 feet

Width:  20 to 35 feet

Flowers: May to June, white, showy & fragrant

Fruit/Seed:  August to January, dull red or green, fleshy, showy

Fall Color:  Orange to red

Butterflies:  nectar; host striped hairstreak

Birds:   It provides excellent cover and nesting sites for many smaller birds. The small fruits are eaten by many birds especially cedar waxwings, fox sparrows, and ruffed grouse.


Deer Resistant:


Native: Carroll & throughout Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,


The small fruits are eaten by rodents and many smaller birds. White tailed deer browse the young twigs and leaves.

Cockspur hawthorns are excellent in group plantings, deciduous screens, groupings, tall barrier hedge, and seasonal accent tree.

Thornless forms of this plant are now available in commerce and should be considered as user-friendly alternatives.

Plants are susceptible to cedar-hawthorn and cedar-quince rusts (rust stage where eastern red cedars are present in the area) and fireblight.


Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Cockspur Hawthorn, USDA

Cockspur Hawthorn, Missouri Botanical Garden

Additional information


Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7


Part Sun, Sun


Clay, Dry, Loam, Moist

Flower Color


Flower Season

Spring, Summer

Fruit Season

Fall, Winter


Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Butterfly Host, Food for Birds, Nectar, Nest Sites, Summer Cover

Notable Features

Winter Interest

Local Availability

Not Available


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