Scientific Name:  Celtis occidentalis

Use: Canopy Tree

Light:  Full Sun to Full Shade

Zones:  2 to 9

Height:  40 to 100 feet

Width: 40 to 100 feet

Flowers:  April to May, yellow green, brown tint

Fruit/Seed:  September to December, purple brown berry

Fall Color:   yellow

Butterflies:  Nectar & host to American Snout, Question Mark, Mourning Cloak, Hackberry Emperor & Tawny Emperor

Birds: nesting sites and feed on the fruit.

Hummingbird:  Flowers provide spring nectar for hummingbirds

Deer Resistant:

Insects/Pollinators:  Flowers provide spring pollen & nectar for bees.

Native:  Carroll and throughout Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,


Hackberry is a tough shade tree with high wildlife value that grows in a wide range of soils though it prefers limestone soils.  It may be used as a specimen or street tree but seeds can pose a clean-up problem near sidewalks & patios.

Cultivars resistant to witches broom are better selections than the species for landscape use.

Cultivars / Varieties

‘Prairie Pride’:  Immune to witches broom but lower fruit yield.

‘Prairie Sentinel’ – columnar form


Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Common Hackberry – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Hackberry – Missouri Botanical Garden

Recommended for Wildlife by

=Gardening for the Birds by George Adams

The Audubon Backyard Bird Watcher by Burton & Kress

HG120 Native Plants of Maryland

Bringing Nature Home by Tallamy

Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge

Photo Credits

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Additional information


Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8


Part Sun, Shade, Sun


Clay, Dry, Loam, Moist, Wet

Flower Season


Fruit Season

Fall, Winter


Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Beneficial Insects, Butterfly Host, Food for Birds, Hummingbird, Nectar, Nest Sites, Summer Cover

Local Availability



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