Eastern Red Cedar

Scientific Name:  Juniperus virginiana

Use: Canopy Tree

Light:  Sun

Zone:  3-9

Height: 50-75’

Width: 35-50’

Soil:  Dry – Moist

Soil:  Clay, Loam or Sand

Flowers:  small, inconspicuous flowers

Fruit/Seed:  Jul-Mar, pale green to dark blue, cone/cone-like

Fall Color:  Evergreen

Butterflies:  Spring nectar; host for Juniper Hairstreak

Birds: Nesting sites; Summer & winter cover; fruit is eaten by many birds

Hummingbird:

Deer Resistant:  

Insects/Pollinators:

Native:  Carroll, Mountain, Piedmont, Coast

Idea Garden:  Juniperus virginiana ‘Grey Owl’ a low growing shrub cultivar is in the Eldersburg Library Native Garden

Categories: ,

Description

  • Alternate host for cedar-apple rust, a Gymnosporangium pathogen that is destructive to pome fruit trees such as apple, pear, and quince.
  • Resistant to extremes of drought, heat, and cold.
  • Tolerant of windy conditions,
  • Salt tolerant, which means it can be used near roads, driveways, and sidewalks.
  • A significant source of food and shelter for wildlife. The blue fruits on the female trees are consumed by a wide variety of wildlife, including the Cedar Waxwing songbird, which is named for this tree.

Sources:

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

The Pros and Cons of Eastern Red Cedar

Eastern Red Cedar – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Eastern Red Cedar – Missouri Botanical Garden

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Light

Sun

Soil

Clay, Dry, Loam, Moist

Fruit Season

Fall, Summer, Winter

Native

Carroll, Coast, Mountain, Piedmont

Wildlife Value

Butterfly Host, Food for Birds, Nectar, Nest Sites, Summer Cover, Winter Cover

Notable Features

Evergreen, Hedge, Salt Tolerant

Local Availability

Widely Available

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