Bald Cypress

Scientific Name:  Taxodium distichum

Light:  Sun to Part Sun

Zone:  4 to 9

Height:  50 to 100 feet

Width:  25 to 35 feet

Flowers:  March to April, deep purple

Fruit/Seed:  October to December, brown cone

Fall Color:  purple to brown

Butterflies:

Birds:  Bald cypress seeds are eaten by wild turkey, wood ducks, evening grosbeak, waterfowl, wading birds and squirrels.  Cypress domes provide watering places for a variety of birds.

Hummingbird:

Deer Resistant:  Yes but occasionally severely damaged

Insects/Pollinators:

Native:  Only to the coastal area of Maryland

Idea Garden:

Categories: ,

Description

A large ornamental tree for large lawns.  It is a good selection for growing in wet soils either in low spots or near water.

Its seeds are eaten by wild turkey, wood ducks, evening grosbeak and squirrels. The seed is a minor part of the diet of waterfowl and wading birds. Cypress domes provide unique watering places for a variety of birds and mammals and breeding sites for frogs, toads, salamanders, and other reptiles. Its tops provide nesting sites for bald eagles, ospreys, herons, and egrets.  Hollows and natural cavities that form in older trees are used as cover by wildlife.

Cultivars/Varieties

‘Fastigiata’ – narrow, columnar

‘Monarch of Illinois’ –  wide-spreading habit, 90′ tall with a spread of 70′. More susceptible to mites.

‘Pendens’ –  drooping branch tips, overall form is pyramidal, with horizontal primary limbs.

‘Shawnee Brave’ – narrow, fastigiate, useful as a street tree, 80′ tall and only 20′ wide

Sources

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Bald Cypress – USDA Plant Fact Sheet

Bald Cypress – Missouri Botanical Garden

Bald Cypress – University of Connecticut Plant Database

Landscape Plants Rated by Deer Resistance – Rutgers

Bald Cypress – US Forest Service

Bald Cypress – North Carolina Extension

Recommended for Wildlife by

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping: Chesapeake Bay Watershed

The Audubon Backyard Bird Watcher by Burton & Kress

HG120 Native Plants of Maryland

Essential Native Trees and Shrubs for the Eastern United States by Dove & Woolridge

Additional information

Zones

Zone 5, Zone 6, Zone 7, Zone 8

Light

Part Sun, Sun

Soil

Clay, Loam, Wet

Flower Season

Spring

Fruit Season

Fall, Winter

Native

Coast

Wildlife Value

Deer Resistant, Food for Birds, Nest Sites

Notable Features

Erosion Control

Local Availability

Available

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